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总结雅思听力高频同义转换词
新闻文章排行榜>> 丨2014-05-16 作者:济南朗阁 点击数:

核心提示:只要同学们对剑桥中的高频同义转换词了若指掌,那么你就真正能够洞若观火,处变不惊了。那么,下面朗阁雅思培训专家就具体给同学们分析一下听力中的替换词。

众所周知,雅思考试听说读写四项考试围绕的一个主旨就是同义替换,尤其是听力更为明显。雅思听力非常明显的一个特征就是不要求学生能够完全听懂,但是答案部分的同义替换的细节必须能够做到透彻的了解,才能正确作答。此外,雅思听力的另外一个鲜为人知的特点就是同义替换词反复利用,反复出现,这样就为广大考生复习听力提供了很大的帮助。只要同学们对剑桥中的高频同义转换词了若指掌,那么你就真正能够洞若观火,处变不惊了。那么,下面青岛雅思培训朗阁专家老师就具体给同学们分析一下听力中的替换词。

一、答案类高频同义转换词

  标题的意思是文中以下词汇在听力原文中高频出现,而且是以答案形式出现的。但是我们知道雅思听力的游戏规则是“所听即所得”,那么这类题目一般以选择题形式出现。下面我们对这些重点词汇或词组做一下总结。

  A. wildlife = animals / plants / vegetation

  实例回放:Cambridge8 Test2 Section2的20题:The shop contains books about: A. animals B. local traditions C. the history of the park. 听力原文:there is a wide selection of books on wildlife...同样的替换在Cambridge8 Test1 Section3的27题,这次听力原文中作者说到:I’d like to see something about the local wildlife, and vegetation too. 选项还是animal。据统计,这个同义替换在剑桥中出现了四次,它的重要性可见一斑。

  B. currently = at present / at the moment

  实例回放:Cambridge8 Test2 Section2的19题:What can you see in the park at the present time? A. the arrival of wild birds B. fruit tree blossom C. a demonstration of fishing 听力原文:for example John Havers, our expert fly fisherman, is currently giving displays on the lake. 同样这组替换词在剑桥中出现频率也非常高。

  C. book = reserve; booking = reservation

  实例回放:Cambridge9 Test1 Section2的19和20多项选择:Which TWO pieces of information does the speaker give about the fitness test? A. You need to reserve a place. 原文:There are only a limited number of places available for this, so to make a booking phone... 特别强调,这对替换词在剑桥中不仅以选择题形式出现,其中reservation / booking也经常在填空题中出现,比如:Cambridge6 Test2 Section2的17题,同样的Cambridge7 Test1 Section1的第5题。所以请同学们予以足够的重视。

D. a range of = a variety of

实例回放:Cambridge7 Test3 Section4的33题:The company focused their research on: A. a wide variety of hotels B. large, luxury hotel chains C. exotic holiday hotels 听力原文:The company’s research covered a whole range of different hotel types... 同样的替换在Cambridge4 Test4 Section2的13题的非答案部分。另外要注意在Insights into IELTS的练习题里range曾经作为答案出现。

E. often = frequently

看似很简单的替换,但是考试中却频繁出现。实例回放:Cambridge8 Test3 Section4的31题:Compared to introducing new business processes, attempts to copy existing processes are: A. more attractive B. more frequent C. more straightforward. 听力原文:It’s a less glamorous activity than pure innovation, but it actually happens more often, as a matter of fact. 同样的在Official IELTS Practice materials中的40题出现了词组替换词。

F. convert= change

实例回放:Cambridge8 Test3 Section1的10题:Which TWO facilities in the district of Devon Close are open to the public at the moment? A. museum B. concert hall C. cinema D. ... 原文:The only one (cinema) closed down last year, and it’s now in the process of being converted into a film museum. 如果学生知道这组同义替换,那么就可以用排除法,选出正确答案。另外convert在Cambridge9 Test3 Section4的36题附近“客串”过背景单词。

G. complex = complicated

实例回放:在朗阁教材中的IELTS Practice Test7 Section2的13题:Jack works with some advanced cyclists who want to develop: A. international competitive riding skills B. knowledge of advanced equipment C. confidence in complex road systems. 原文:We do complete beginner and also advanced courses, that’s for urban cyclists who want to do with the things like riding in the streets with complicated intersections, and things like that. 值得一提的是,complex作为名词是综合设施,复合体的意思,它在剑桥也同样作为背景单词出现过,如:entertainment complex、sports complex。希望考生注意扩充自己的词汇。

H. maximum = up to; minimum = start from

这两对词很容易记,此处不再举例。

二、背景单词类高频同义转换

这类词汇虽然不如第一类直接作为答案,但是一般这类词的附近就是答案了。而且如果这类词经常在背景里“打酱油”,它们一旦出现了,答案也就不远了。

A. disadvantage = drawback / negative feature

实例回放:Cambridge8 Test1 Section38题:But a two-dimensional map will always have some ____.  听力原文:But there is a drawback.... And that means there’ll always be a certain degree of distortion on a map.

那么相反的一组同义替换词就是:advantage = benefit / positive feature 这两组在剑桥中是屡见不鲜。

B. focus on = concentrate on / specialize in 这对替换词在剑九以及雅思练习题中经常出现。

C. majority = most / main 大部分

D. neighborhood = surroundings 周边环境

E. suburb = outskirts 郊区

F. cope with = deal with 处理;对付

G. species = breed 物种

H. important = essential / crucial / central 重要

I. enrollment = registration 注册

J. ahead of time= ahead of schedule = in advance 提前

到此为止,雅思听力中的高频同义转换词朗阁名师已经给各位烤鸭们总结的差不多了,当然这并不是全部,也非常欢迎各位考生能到朗阁学有所成,总结出更多的同义词组。Anyway,希望同学们在考前对这些词组做到滚瓜烂熟,考试中做到耳聪目明,无论这些词作为答案还是客串,你都能很顺利地把它们的原形揪出来,这样你的雅思听力就胸有成竹了。

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