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雅思口语联想法则
新闻文章排行榜>> 丨2014-05-21 作者:济南朗阁 点击数:

核心提示:无论在口语的哪个部分,思路丰富、答题内容多而充实都是考官青睐的。那么青岛雅思培训朗阁口语组的专家就来告诉大家如何做到思路丰富,我们为口语应考制定了联想法则。

青岛雅思培训机构朗阁在日常教学中发现,雅思口语考试中,很多考生认为得到理想分数的关键是词汇、语法的功底,如果口语答题中词汇使用越难,则分数就越高;语法越严谨、错误越少,则分数就越高。当然,雅思口语是语言考试,对于词汇和语法是有要求的,但是,对于大家最担心的分数如何提高这个问题,并不是单凭词汇和语法就能提高的。我们缺少的是答题的思路,思路不够丰富,因此我们就难以突破自己,得到更加理想的分数。无论在口语的哪个部分,思路丰富、答题内容多而充实都是考官青睐的。那么青岛朗阁雅思培训口语组的专家就来告诉大家如何做到思路丰富,我们为口语应考制定了联想法则。

联想法则一  朋友家人交际圈

不论什么话题,当我们被问到自己所喜爱的东西或是对自己的影响时,我们都可以使用这一法则,把自己的家人、朋友、同事、老板、老师、邻居等应用起来,扩大自己答题的内容和涉及的范围。例如,当我们被问到:What kind of books do you like? 很多考生觉得只要回答完书的种类即可。其实,我们不难发现,只回答书的种类也就只有一句话,没有什么可以继续的了。考官对于一句话答题的考生是不看好的,无法给出高分。那么,我们完全可以把自己周围的交际圈全部列出来,这个题目可以这样回答:

Well, I like novels best. When I was in high school, my Chinese teacher told me novels were helpful to improve my reading skill and writing skill, and it’s a good way to enjoy the leisure time. Then I began to read novels. I found it really interesting and helpful. My best friend and I always discuss the books together to understand the novels and the author’s background.

再来看下面的例子,

What are the benefits of reading magazines?

思路受限的答案:
I think reading magazines can help me to know more knowledge. I like reading magazines.

补充以上答案:
Reading magazines is a good way to kill time. I can see the pictures of fashionable clothes and cosmetics, and I can know some information of sports, cars or some other things. My sister and I both like collecting magazines, so we always exchange them and read. It’s quite interesting.

联想法则二  回忆过去展望未来

对于一些题目,我们可以用过去与现在进行对比,若只讲现在,大家可能会觉得没有话说,但是一旦对比着讲,我们就发现思路多了。此外,展望未来也可以解决话题内容少的问题。看下面的例子:

Describe an electric equipment.

这个话题我们不妨讲家用电器:空调。但是,很多同学发现空调没有什么细节可说,那么我们可以针对其使用电能、较环保这个点来描述,这个特点比起过去来说,是一大进步,所以我们可以在答案中增加这一部分:

In the past, people used the coal for heating, which produced a great amount of air pollution. When we use air-conditioner, we do not have to worry that in winter, we create much greenhouse gas. We just use the electricity which is environmental-friendly.

还有一个例子,是问学生What do you think are the benefits brought by technology for us? 我们可以把将来的展望加入到答案中。

思路受限的答案:
We have a lot of benefits, for example, the technology has created the computer, so we can surf online for information and entertainment.

补充以上答案:
I strongly believe that technology will increasingly make our life more relaxed and easy. Now we are using robots as the new inventions to release labor. I think in the future, robots will be popularized to every family to wash dishes, do cleaning, remind our schedule and arrangements and be friends to us. It’s promising thought.

联想法则三  制造场景发挥想象

在回答口语话题时,我们可以自己制造一个场景,充分发挥自己的想象力,为考官编织一个有趣的答案。即使这个答案是空想出来的,只要有趣、有画面感,同样可以打动考官。比如说,What would you buy when you have a lot of money?

思路受限的答案:
I want to buy an island. I think it’s interesting. I will build the house there and my family all live in it and enjoy our life.

补充以上答案:
When I was a child, I read a fairy tale that there was a castle on an island. The families enjoyed their life on it. There were trees and flowers all around the island, and human did not have to eat. They were just singing songs and dancing to the music. I would like to buy an island of this kind and all my family can live there.

通过我们设计的场景,我们描绘出一幅生动而美丽的画面,这样考官会很享受与我们交流,而不是在听千篇一律的枯燥答案。

综上所述,我们在回答雅思口语话题时,把答案尽量延展出来,不要拘泥于回答问题的框架,而是尽量延伸,把家人朋友等联系起来、把现在的情况与过去和将来进行对比并努力为自己的答案创造更丰富的场景,这样我们就不用担心回答的内容单一和枯燥了。如果同学们认为在答题时,思路受到了很大的限制,不妨在平时练习时将以上三个法则用关键词的形式写出来提醒自己,经过一段时间的练习,我们就可以习惯性地扩展自己的答案了。

 

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